Lord Kenyon, Baron of Gredington, in the County of Flint, is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain. It was created in 1788 for the lawyer and judge Sir Lloyd Kenyon, 1st Baronet. He served as Master of the Rolls and as Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales. Kenyon had already been created a Baronet, of Gredington in the County of Flint, in 1784. His grandson, the third Baron, briefly represented St Michael’s in the House of Commons. His grandson, the fourth Baron, held minor office in the governments of Lord Salisbury, Arthur Balfour and David Lloyd George and served as Lord Lieutenant of Denbighshire. In 1912 Lord Kenyon assumed by Royal licence the additional surname of Tyrell. As of 2010 the titles are held by his grandson, the sixth Baron, who succeeded his father in 1993.
Lloyd Kenyon, 1st Baron Kenyon (1732–1802)
Lloyd Kenyon, 1st Baron Kenyon PC SL KC (5 October 1732 – 4 April 1802) was a British politician and barrister, who served as Attorney General, Master of the Rolls and Lord Chief Justice. Born to a country gentleman, he was initially educated in Hanmer before moving to Ruthin School aged 12. Rather than going to university he instead worked as a clerk to an attorney, joining the Middle Temple in 1750 and being called to the Bar in 1756. Initially almost unemployed due to the lack of education and contacts which a university education would have provided, his business increased thanks to his friendships with John Dunning, who, overwhelmed with cases, allowed Kenyon to work many, and Lord Thurlow who secured for him the Chief Justiceship of Chester in 1780. He was returned as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Hindon the same year, serving repeatedly as Attorney General under William Pitt the Younger. He effectively sacrificed his political career in 1784 to challenge the ballot of Charles James Fox, and was rewarded with a baronetcy; from then on, he did not speak in the House of Commons, despite remaining an MP.
On 27 March 1784, he was appointed Master of the Rolls, a job to which he dedicated himself once he ceased to act as an MP. He had previously practiced in the Court of Chancery, and although unfamiliar with Roman law was highly efficient; Lord Eldon said, “I am mistaken if, after I am gone, the Chancery Records do not prove that if I have decided more than any of my predecessors in the same period of time, Sir Lloyd Kenyon beat us all”. On 9 June 1788, Kenyon succeeded Lord Mansfield as Lord Chief Justice, and was granted a barony. Although not rated as highly as his predecessor, his work “restored the simplicity and rigor of the common law”. He remained Lord Chief Justice until his death in 1802.
George Kenyon, 2nd Baron Kenyon (1776–1855)
Lloyd Kenyon, 3rd Baron Kenyon (1805–1869)
Lloyd Kenyon, 3rd Baron Kenyon (1 April 1805 – 14 July 1869), was a British peer and Member of Parliament.
Kenyon was the son of George Kenyon, 2nd Baron Kenyon, and Margaret Emma Hanmer. His grandfather was Lloyd Kenyon, 1st Baron Kenyon, Master of the Rolls and Lord Chief Justice of England. Kenyon was elected to the House of Commons for the rotten borough of St Michael’s (also known as Mitchell) in 1830, a seat he held until 1832, when the constituency was disfranchised by the Reform Act 1832. In 1855, he succeeded his father as third Baron Kenyon and entered the House of Lords.
Lord Kenyon married Hon. Georgiana de Grey, daughter of Thomas de Grey, 4th Baron Walsingham, in 1833. He died in July 1869, aged 64, and was succeeded in his titles by his grandson Lloyd. His second son George Thomas Kenyon was MP for Denbigh Boroughs. Lady Kenyon died in 1874.
Lloyd Tyrell-Kenyon, 4th Baron Kenyon (1864–1927)
Lloyd Tyrell-Kenyon, 4th Baron Kenyon, KCVO, TD (5 July 1864 – 30 November 1927), was a British peer and Conservative politician.
Born in Wilmore Crescent, west London, Kenyon was the son of the Hon. Lloyd Kenyon, son of Lloyd Kenyon, 3rd Baron Kenyon. He succeeded his grandfather as fourth Baron Kenyon in 1869. He was educated at Eton College and entered Christ Church, Oxford in 1882.
Lord Kenyon took his seat in the House of Lords on his 21st birthday in 1885. In December 1900, he was appointed a Lord-in-Waiting (government whip in the House of Lords) in the Conservative government of Lord Salisbury, a post he retained until 1905, the last three years under the leadership of Arthur Balfour. He served the same post again, in the coalition Government of David Lloyd-George, from 1916 to 1918.
He also took part in local politics for a period as member of Flintshire County Council, was a D.L. and J.P. for the county of Shropshire and J.P. for Flintshire county.
Lord Kenyon assumed by Royal licence the additional surname of Tyrell in 1912. He married Gwladys Julia, daughter of Colonel Henry Richard Lloyd Howard, in 1916. He died at his home, Gredington Hall, Flintshire, of typhoid contracted from a mosquito bite in November 1927, aged 63. He was buried at the parish church of St Chad’s, Hanmer. He was succeeded in his titles by his only son Lloyd. Lady Kenyon died in 1965.
Lloyd Tyrell-Kenyon, 5th Baron Kenyon (1917–1993)
Lloyd Tyrell-Kenyon, 5th Baron Kenyon (13 September 1917 – 16 May 1993), C.B.E, was a British peer and member of the House of Lords. The only son of Lloyd Tyrell-Kenyon, 4th Baron Kenyon, he succeeded his father to the title on his death in 1927.
Lord Kenyon was educated at Eton and then Magdalene College, Cambridge. As a peer he was active across many fields of public life including education, museums and health.
Lord Kenyon was president of the University College of North Wales in Bangor (part of the University of Wales), from 1947-82. Through the university he was behind the revival of the Gwasg Gregynog Press, which printed traditional hand-bound books from metal type and woodcuts illustrations, and he was chairman of the press from 1978-91.
He was president of the National Museum of Wales from 1952-57, trustee of the National Portrait Gallery from 1953-88 and member of the Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts from 1966-93. He was credited with growing the NPG from a small specialist museum to “one of the great national galleries”.
He was chairman of the Wrexham, Powys and Mawddach Hospital Management Committee from 1960-74, and then chairman of the Clwyd Area Health Authority, 1974-78. As Flintshire county councillor he was appointed to their first records committee and was an active supporter of Flintshire Record Office (later Clwyd Record Office). He was also elected to North Wales Police Authority.
He was also a director of Lloyds Bank.
He was a Justice of the Peace in 1944. He was made the Deputy Lieutenant for Flintshire in 1948, an Officer of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem and a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1972. He was a provincial grandmaster for the Freemasons of North Wales. He married Leila Cookson in 1946 and three children – two sons, one of whom pre-deceased him and one daughter. He died in Gredington, Shropshire on 16 May 1993, aged 75.
Lloyd Tyrell-Kenyon, 6th Baron Kenyon (b. 1947)
The heir apparent is the present holder’s son Hon.